As technology progresses in the Oil and Gas Industry, the demand for Corrosive Resistant Duplex Products becomes higher. The further the depth of exploration for offshore oil, the greater pressure is put on Duplex and Super Duplex Stainless Steel Pipes installed in harsh corrosive environments. Today’s domestic reservoirs produce higher quantities and in consequence, the longevity of underground wells can be impaired by high levels of corrosive agents that collect within them. As an oilfield grows older, water to oil ratios in the final product increase by 90% or more.
As technological advancements enable the manufacture of Gas and Oil Industry components to adapt to highly corrosive conditions, they are imperative to the economic viability of oil and gas production. It is therefore essential that the correct alloys are selected to avoid component failure in any application. The main pipes used in the offshore Oil and Gas Industry are Duplex 2205 (22% Chromium, 5% Nickel) and 2507 (25% Chromium, 7% Nickel); and Super Duplex 2507 which has Higher Corrosion Resistance. Duplex steel is also highly resistant to chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking and has the strength to resist pressure at extreme depths.
Super Duplex 2507
Petro Chemical Company installed a combination of Super Duplex 2507 and Duplex 2205 pipes at their oil field and chose these specific products because they can withstand high levels of salt without corroding; have High Tensile Strength, Outstanding Pitting, Cracking And Impact Resistance, Minimal Thermal Expansion and High Conductivity.
Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum or other hydrocarbons. Although some of the chemical compounds that originate from petroleum may also be derived from coal and natural gas, petroleum is the major source.
The PipeFittings and Flanges used in petrochemical industry are subjected to scrupulous testing. They must fulfill the requirement for high mechanical strength, while being resistant to chemical and atmospheric agents. They should also be able withstand the varying weather conditions.
NUCLEAR POWER & DEFENCE
Nuclear power is a technology which extracts usable energy from atomic nuclei via controlled nuclear reactions – normally atomic fission. One day fusion may be possible but until then as stated, the only method in use today is through nuclear fission. Another method which one day may be possible is radioactive decay.
Many nuclear power stations are situated on the coast and use sea water for cooling which again calls for special piping resistant to the corrosiveness of salt water. Stainless Steel Pipe and Tubes when manufactured to the required standards are more than adequate for the long, harsh duty cycles required when utilized in a reactor environment.
Today, nuclear power is only possible by virtue of the superb qualities of the construction materials available and none are more important than the Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes and Pipe Fittings & Flanges which carry steam at high pressure and high temperatures which make the operation of the electricity producing turbines possible.
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)
LNG is natural gas (Predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted temporarily to liquid form for ease of storage or transport.
Desalination, desalinization, or desalinization refers to any of several processes that remove excess salt and other minerals from water. More generally, desalination may also refer to the removal of salts and minerals, as in soil desalination.
MINING & MINERALS
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an ore body, vein or (coal) seam. Materials recovered by mining include base metals, precious metals, iron, uranium, coal, diamonds, limestone, oil shale, rock salt and potash. Any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or created artificially in a laboratory or factory, is usually mined. Mining in a wider sense comprises extraction of any non-renewable resource (e.g., petroleum, natural gas, or even water).
SPM products are used in a huge range of mining applications including for piping, tanks, pumps and structural components. Apart from corrosion resistance our Duplex, Super Duplex,Stainless Steel Pipes and Flanges are strong, easy to clean, durable and flexible.
Mining is another industry where Stainless Steel has made life so much easier and more profitable. From use within the construction of a mine and piping to utensils in the mess hall and workbenches, they are all made from stainless steel nowadays.